The Lynchburg City School Board recognizes the existence of gangs in the community and the threat they pose to the educational environment. Therefore, students shall not engage in gang activity on school grounds, on school buses or on any school sponsored activity. In addition, students shall not engage in gang activity using the School Division computer system at any time. A gang is defined as any group of three or more persons whose purpose includes:
- commission of illegal acts
- participation in activities that threaten the safety of persons or property
- disruption of the school environment
- creation of an atmosphere of fear and intimidation.
Students are subject to disciplinary action in accordance with Policy and Regulation JFC for participating in gang activity. Gang activity is defined as:
- wearing, using, distributing, displaying, or selling any clothing, jewelry, emblem, badge, symbol, sign, tattoo, or other thing that is evidence of membership or affiliation in any gang;
- committing any act or omission, or using any speech, either verbal or non-verbal (such as gestures or hand-shakes) showing membership or affiliation in a gang;
- using any speech or committing any act or omission in furtherance of the interests of any gang, including: (a) soliciting, hazing and initiating others for membership in any gang, (b) requesting any person to pay protection or otherwise intimidating or threatening any person, (c) committing any other illegal act or other violation of school policy and inciting other students to act with physical violence;
- inappropriate congregating, bullying, cyberbullying, harassment, intimidation, degradation, disgrace and/or related activities which are likely to cause bodily danger, physical harm, or mental harm to students, employees or visitors.
The Superintendent shall, in cooperation with local law enforcement and/or juvenile agencies, develop a list of known gang clothing, jewelry, emblems, badges, signs, gestures, handshakes and symbols. The list shall be updated regularly.
The Superintendent shall provide, in collaboration with local law enforcement, in service training in gang behavior and characteristics to facilitate staff identification of students at risk of gang involvement and promote membership in authorized school groups and/or activities as an alternative.
Adopted: July 12, 2016
Code of Virginia, as amended, §§ 18.2-46.1, 22.1-70, 22.1-78, 22.1-79(2), § 22.1-276.01