Lynchburg City Schools wishes to prevent opiate-related overdose deaths by making Naloxone available in its schools. Naloxone, commonly known by the brand-name Narcan®, is an opioid antagonist that works by displacing the opioid from the receptors in the brain and thus reverse an opiate overdose. It is a scheduled drug, but has no euphoric properties and minimal side effects. If it is administered to a person who is not suffering an opiate overdose, it will do no harm. Understanding and responding to opioid overdose emergencies requires training of appropriate school personnel.
Any person who in good faith prescribes, dispenses, or administers naloxone or other opioid antagonist used for overdose reversal in an emergency to an individual who is believed to be experiencing or about to experience a life-threatening opiate overdose shall not be liable for any civil damages for ordinary negligence in acts or omissions resulting from the rendering of such treatment if acting in accordance with the provisions of § 54.1-3408.
The Superintendent or designee shall obtain a standing medical order which shall authorize the school district to obtain, store and administer Naloxone in compliance with this policy, and impose any other conditions appropriate to ensure the safety and well-being of an individual experiencing a drug overdose. The original standing order shall be maintained in the Superintendent’s office, and copies of the standing order shall be kept in the nurse’s offices of each school.
Before any Lynchburg City School employee may administer Naloxone, he/she must successfully complete the training curriculum, REVIVE, about recognizing opioid-related overdoses, administering Naloxone, and promptly seeking medical attention for drug overdoses. Evidence that such training has been completed shall be placed in the employee’s personnel file. Employees are provided with refresher training every two years in conjunction with AED/First Aid/CPR certifications. A list of employees who successfully completed such training shall be maintained, updated and kept in the school nurse’s office and central office.
Storage of Naloxone
Naloxone shall be safely stored in the school nurse’s office at each school in compliance with the drug manufacturer’s instructions.
Naloxone shall be readily accessible to those employees who have completed the required training to administer it in the event of suspected drug overdose. All properly trained staff shall be made aware exactly where Naloxone is stored.
Lynchburg City Schools will notify students and their parents/guardians of this policy once each school year through electronic communications, student handbooks, the Lynchburg City School website or other similar paper or electronic means of communication. Such notification shall encourage students to immediately report suspected drug overdoses to school officials to ensure medical assistance can be immediately provided.
Adopted: June 5, 2018
Code of Virginia §§ 8.01-225, 54.1-3408, 54.1-3448
JHCDZ Administering Medicines to Students